Set up the new Azure DevOps tasks for Packaging and Model Versioning

During this past night (at least it was night for me :P) the new tasks for Azure DevOps to deploy the packages and update model versions have been published:

There’s an announcement in the Community blogs too with extended details on setting it up. Let´s see the new tasks and how to set them up.

Update Model Version task

This one is the easiest, just add it to your build definition under the current model versioning task, disable the original one and you’re done. If you have any filters in your current task, like excluding any model, you must add the filter in the Descriptor Search Pattern field using Azure DevOps pattern syntax.

Create Deployable Package task

This task will replace the Generate packages from the current build definitions. To set it up we just need to do a pair of changes to the default values:

X++ Tools Path

This is your build VM’s physical bin folder, the AosService folder is usually on the unit K for cloud-hosted VMs. I guess this will change when we go VM-less to do the builds.

Update!: the route to the unit can be changed for $(ServiceDrive), getting a path like $(ServiceDrive)\AOSService\PackagesLocalDirectory\bin.

Location of the X++ binaries to package

The task comes with this field filled in as $(Build.BinariesDirectory) but this didn’t work out for our build definitions, maybe the variable isn’t set up on the proj file. After changing this to $(Agent.BuildDirectory)\Bin the package is generated.

Filename and path for the deployable package

The path on the image should be changed to $(Build.ArtifactStagingDirectory)\Packages\AXDeployableRuntime_$(Build.BuildNumber).zip. You can leave it without the Packages folder in the path, but if you do that you will need to change the Path to Publish field in the Publish Artifact: Package step of the definition.

Add Licenses to Deployable Package task

This task will add the license files to an existing Deployable Package. Remember that the path of the deployable package must be the same as the one in the Create Deployable Package task.

And you’re done! A step closer from getting rid of the build VM.

If you need help setting up the release pipeline you can check this post I wrote.

Self-service deployments: the future is here

Right now Microsoft Dynamics 365 for Finance and Operations has an old style monolithic architecture, even it’s now in Azure’s cloud, what we really have is a single (or multiple for Tier 2+ environments) VM that runs everything: the AOS/IIS, Azure SQL Server, the Batch service, MR, etc. Exactly the same as AX 2009/2012.

This is going to change in the coming months with the self-service deployments. We’ll move from the monolithic architecture to microservices that will run all the needed components with the help of Azure’s Service Fabric. MSDyn365FO will be on a real SAAS model.

Before starting let me clarify that all these changes will only apply to Microsoft-managed Tier 2+ environments: sandbox and production environments. The build environment (until it’s made obsolete) and the cloud-hosted environments on the customer or partner subscription will still be single VMs.

What’s new?

Faster deployments

When you deploy a new environment it will start deploying without waiting for Microsoft to do it (it’s self-service!). Additionally, thanks to the new microservices architecture, it will be ready to use in under 30 minutes compared to 6-8 hours of regular environments. The first time feels like…

Subscription estimator

We still need to fill out the subscription estimator for licensing purposes and for MS to estimate the size of the production environment. The self-service environments can be escalated more flexibly and quickly.

No RDP access

The access to the VM desktop has been removed because… well, I guess it’s because there’s no VM anymore. All the operations that could need us to access the RDP can be done from LCS.

No SQL Server access

Yes, no RDP access means no RDP access to the SQL box either. We still have access to the Azure SQL DB, we just need to ask for it from LCS and it’s granted in seconds:

Additionally you must whitelist your IP (or the one you’ll access SQL from) from the Maintain – Enable access button on LCS to be able to connect to the Azure SQL Server. The access to the DB and the firewall rule will be enabled for 8 hours.

As usual, there’s no access to the production DB.

One deployable package to rule them all

If you’ve recently tried to deploy a deployable package (DP) without all the packages the environment has (basically generating the DP for a single model/package from Visual Studio) you must’ve noticed the warning about the difference in the packages from the DP and the environment.

With the self-service deployments you must include all models/packages AND!! ISVs in one single deployable package.

Production updates

First, we can start the deployment to production without the 5 hours in notice we need to schedule now. We still can schedule the deployment but we can also start it instantly.

Next, the way the production environment is updated changes a bit from what we’re used to. With the new deployments we will update the sandbox environment as we do now, once it’s done we’ll select a sandbox environment to be promoted into production. This is probably another benefit of the architecture changes.

In the future the deployment downtime will also be reduced to zero for the service updates as long as you’re on the latest update. This won’t be available for custom DPs.

How do I get this?

At the moment this is only available for some new customers. Current customers will be migrated during the coming months, MS will contact the customers to schedule a maintenance window to apply the changes.

For more information check the session Microsoft Dynamics 365 for Finance and Operations: Strategic Lifecycle Services Investments from last June’s MBAS.

Our experience with it

We got into the private deployment preview program almost a year ago with one of Axazure’s customers. The customer is now live with the self-service environments and everything has been fine so far.

But the beginning was a bit hard. Some of the functionalities were still not available at the moment, like DB refresh or… package deployment. Yes, we needed to ask MS to deploy our DPs each time. We couldn’t even put the environments in maintenance mode! In the first months of 2019 a lot of functionality was added to LCS and in June we finally got the production self-service update functionality available. The help we’ve gotten from Microsoft’s product team has been very valuable and they have unlocked some issues that were stopping the progress of the project.